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How does the biodegradable plastic industry develop?

How does the biodegradable plastic industry develop?


Facing the environmental protection dilemma of the promotion and use of biodegradable plastics, many countries and regions have introduced more stringent countermeasures.

California, the United States, has passed strict laws regulating the marketing and labeling of degradable plastic products sold in California, including those that claim to be "degradable" or "biodegradable" plastic products. Environmental marketing must be proven by reliable scientific evidence and meet the prescribed standards to prevent misleading consumers about the impact of degradable plastic products on the environment.

From October 1, 2018, the State of Maryland in the U.S. prohibits anyone from selling specific plastic products labeled as biodegradable, degradable, or decomposable, except in certain circumstances; and prohibits anyone from selling products that are labeled as compostable or household compostable Specify a plastic product unless the plastic product meets the specified standard. In response to the injunction, establish designated penalties and stipulate the sanctions for specific penalties.

In Canada, plastic bags have been banned in Toronto since 2013. The ban includes "degradable, biodegradable, photodegradable or similar materials."

The United Kingdom does not support the widespread use of industrial compost packaging at this stage, because the general waste management infrastructure for industrial degradable plastic packaging is not yet suitable for use. Regarding general consumer product packaging, the United Kingdom believes that if there is no special compostable trash can, consumers may be confused about how to dispose of compostable packaging, which may lead to pollution of the recycling of ordinary plastics (if biological materials are mixed in the recycling process of ordinary plastics). Degradable plastics can lead to the deterioration of the quality or durability of recycled products) and the phenomenon of littering. However, closed environments can be exceptions, such as sports events and workplaces with catering facilities, where there are specialized processing and collection services.

In fact, in September this year, China’s Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Ecology and Environment issued the "Fourteenth Five-Year Plan of Action for Plastic Pollution Control" that has already mentioned that it is a good idea to scientifically assess the full life cycle resource and environmental impact of biodegradable plastics. The signal indicates that decision makers are also aware of the blind promotion of "degradable plastics" and the lack of supervision.

The "China Plastics Environmental Footprint Assessment" pointed out that the current plastic economy is still open-loop and linear, and the degree of material closed-loop needs to be improved.

Promoting the plastic economy from an open-loop linear model to a closed-loop circular model is a systemic change involving theory, technology, management, production, and consumption. It requires the participation of all sectors of society and consumers, and the government needs to improve it as soon as possible. The policy framework for the prohibition and restriction of plastics throughout the industry chain.

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