From July 3 this year, the EU banned the use of disposable plastic products with non plastic substitutes, including disposable plastic plates, tableware, straws, balloon sticks, etc. European Commission member in charge of environment, marine and fishery affairs, sinkvychus, said that the disposable plastic products banned this time include not only polystyrene and other plastics that are difficult to degrade, but also oxidized degradable plastics.
The ban comes from a plastic Restriction Act passed in May 2019. According to the law, the markets of all EU countries should ban the sale of certain disposable plastic products before July 3, 2021. Manufacturers are also prohibited from continuing to produce such products, and products in stock can continue to be put into the market.
The bill also stipulates that by 2029, the recovery rate of plastic bottles with volume less than 3 liters in member countries should reach 90%. In addition, for disposable plastic products that cannot be replaced at present, the bill also requires manufacturers and users to bear economic responsibility for waste management and pollution control.
The owner of an ice cream shop in Brussels, Belgium, recently told reporters that she has been informed that disposable plastic spoons will no longer be used in the future, and the wooden spoons ordered by the shop will arrive soon“ The store consumes hundreds of plastic spoons every day, which is really not environmentally friendly. Each plastic spoon is thrown away after a few minutes of disposable use, but the damage to the environment is permanent. I support the idea that plastic scoops are no longer used. "
In supermarkets in Brussels, plastic disposable tableware, plastic balloon sticks and plastic cotton swabs have been taken off the shelves, and more goods are packed with paper instead of plastic. A supermarket tableware counter sales staff told reporters that in summer because people get together more, disposable tableware sales are very high, disposable plastic tableware off the shelf, paper tableware, paper straw and so on become hot.
In addition, stainless steel reusable straw sales are particularly good. In local restaurants, disposable plastic tableware has largely disappeared since last year, replaced by paper lunch boxes. A restaurant owner told reporters that for the guests who bring their own boxes, the store will give certain discounts when checking out.
Statistics show that the EU produces about 26 million tons of plastic waste every year, less than 30% of which is recycled. Most of the others are burned or dumped into landfills, or even into rivers and oceans, causing serious environmental pollution.
A spokesman for the European Commission said that the EU would monitor the implementation of the plastic Restriction Act by Member States and would provide guidance and assistance to Member States when necessary. The European Union will review the bill in 2027. By that time, paper products coated with plastic film that can still be used at present may also be eliminated from the market.
EU's "plastic ban": big gap between "good and bad students"
Although the ban on the use of disposable plastic products has come into force throughout the European Union, the ban has only been implemented in some countries so far, according to the European times.
France24 TV station reported that as early as 2018, the European Union had issued a "plastic ban" proposal. After several years of revision, it finally indicated that from July 3, 2021, it would completely ban the production, purchase, import and export of all disposable plastic products produced by alternative materials such as cardboard, including plastic tableware, straw, balloon rod, cotton swab, It even includes bags and wrappers made of biodegradable plastic.
At the same time, for those disposable plastic products without ideal alternative materials, such as cup covers, the EU also requires that their use be reduced to the current 25% by 2025.
Some European countries, such as France, Greece and Latvia, are undoubtedly "good students" in this field. They implement this new European standard in time or even ahead of time, and have passed their own laws in line with the requirements of the European Union.
However, most countries failed to implement these laws in time. According to a recent report jointly issued by several relevant associations and some non-governmental organizations, among the 27 countries, the directive has been put into immediate effect in only eight countries: Belgium, Denmark, Greece, France, Lithuania, Latvian, Hungarian and Slovak.
"Bad students" include Poland, the Czech Republic, Romania and Bulgaria. Several countries have said they are discussing relevant bills in parliament, but the report's authors point out that they have not found any sign of drafting the bill. New EU plastic ban rules have come into effect, Italy refuses! France and Sweden are also delayed. There is a lot of uncertainty
The European Commission said in its latest statement that it is "working with countries to ensure that European directives are translated into national laws"“ In May, the Commission published guidelines to support countries in implementing the directive“ I hope they can implement it as soon as possible. " The European Union said.
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