Regarding carbon emissions, the SCO summit issued the latest statement, and the national conditions of each country should be considered!

  • 2022-09-28
Background information:
Western countries led by the United States are trying to control the dominance of global carbon emissions issues through climate governance issues, thereby strangling the throats of developing countries and achieving long-term Western hegemony. Now, with the soaring inflation levels in Western countries and the drastic fluctuations in the international energy market, Western countries that are rhetoric have begun to restart the mining and use of high-carbon emission resources such as coal, which also From the side, the promises given by Western countries on carbon emissions have become empty promises. Studying the carbon dioxide emissions of 10 major countries in the world, including China, the United States, and Japan, it is found that the carbon emission responsibilities of China, Russia, and India are overestimated, while the carbon emission responsibilities of other countries, such as the United States and Japan, are underestimated.

The rise in the concentration of carbon dioxide in the Earth's atmosphere began with the Industrial Revolution, during which "carbon-based civilization" caused global warming. The United States and other western developed countries have already completed the process of industrialization, achieving a "carbon peak" and carbon emissions are in a downward channel. The Biden administration of the United States has returned to the "Paris Agreement", eager to compete for the dominance of global climate governance and carbon emission rights and the moral commanding heights of a "carbon-free world". The United States has formed a "climate alliance" with the European Union, Japan, South Korea, Canada, Australia and other developed countries and regions, solidified the international division of labor system, established various international green standard systems for monopolizing renewable energy technology, and instructed international financial institutions to suspend the use of traditional energy Project loan financing, harvesting the new energy market through a new round of economic globalization, exporting "Made in America" and core technologies, constraining developing countries, especially China's industrialization process, and developing with China in many fields such as energy technology, economy, trade, diplomacy, and culture Intense competition and gaming. The European Union pursues the leadership of global climate governance, and the European Green Party and the United States have vigorously implemented "carbon tariffs" in the name of "environmental protection", which has become a powerful weapon for the "climate alliance".

China News Agency, Samarkand, September 17. On September 16, local time, leaders of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization member states held a meeting of the Council of Heads of State in Samarkand, Uzbekistan. The meeting issued a statement on addressing climate change.

The statement pointed out that the heads of the SCO member states have unanimously recognized that the adverse effects of climate change are becoming increasingly apparent, and the urgency of global action continues to rise. Coping with climate change and promoting the recovery of the world economy after the COVID-19 epidemic is one of the important issues of our time. Nearly half of the world's population lives in the SCO member states. We are determined to cooperate on addressing the challenges posed by climate change for their mutual benefit and that of the international community.

According to the statement, the heads of the SCO member states agreed that climate change and its negative impacts are an urgent problem faced by all mankind, and pose serious challenges to sustainable development of mankind. On the basis of the "Convention"), we will continue to strengthen international cooperation, and work together to deal with it to further promote the transformation of the economy and society towards inclusive and sustainable development.

The statement stated that the member states believe that the Paris Agreement should be implemented on the basis of the principles of common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities, taking into account the national conditions of each country. We have noticed that greenhouse gas reduction and net-zero emissions are crucial to achieving the temperature control targets stipulated in the Paris Agreement, and countries have the right to determine their own emission reduction targets and their implementation paths.

The statement pointed out that member states have made great contributions to preventing and adapting to climate change in order to achieve global goals. Despite the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, member states are generally facing the challenge of recovering the economy and improving people's livelihood, but they have all taken strong climate action, submitted their nationally determined contributions, demonstrated their ambition, and set an example for the international community.

The heads of the SCO member states noted with great concern that the developed countries listed in Annex II of the Convention have not fulfilled their climate finance commitments, including US$100 billion per year by 2020, the statement said. We urge the developed countries listed in Annex II to the Convention to fulfill the above commitments as soon as possible before the 27th Conference of the Parties (COP27), and to make greater contributions to setting new collective quantitative funding targets for climate finance after 2025, and to expand access to developing countries. Provide necessary support such as funding, technology development and transfer, and capacity building to help developing countries have the ability to implement climate action in the context of sustainable development.

The statement pointed out that the member states advocate that a just transition should be supported and efforts should be made to balance the relationship between emission reduction and development. We stress that the per capita greenhouse gas emissions of developing countries are much lower than those of developed countries. The right of developing countries to independent and sustainable development should be ensured. The Paris Agreement has made it clear that in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication, peaking of greenhouse gas emissions will take longer for developing countries. Unilateral coercive measures violate multilateral principles, seriously undermine multilateral cooperation and joint and independent efforts to address climate change, and weaken the ability of countries to address climate change.

Member States believe that the climate agenda should not be exploited to restrict trade and investment cooperation. Member States call for upholding openness and non-discrimination based on the voluntary principles of climate.
Member states point out that the Paris Agreement aims to limit the increase in global average temperature to 2°C and strive to limit it to 1.5°C. Welcoming the outcomes of the 26th Conference of the Parties to the Convention (COP26), and supporting Egypt's efforts to prepare and host the 27th Conference of the Parties to the Convention (COP27).

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